Download a PDF of the whole of this resource here.
The UK generates about 30% of our energy supply from renewable energy. It was pledged that we would reach 15% renewable energy by 2020 – a breakdown that includes 30% electricity, 12% of heat and 10% of transport. In 2017, the UK reached 28% on the electricity target, but we're less than halfway in meeting the heating and transport targets. You can also see our resource on decarbonisation of the heating supply here.
Since 2012, 75% of emissions have come from the power sector meaning that electricity generation has been the most successful sector to date in terms of decarbonisation. Research by Imperial College London found that as a result of the UK’s increased deployment of renewables, carbon emissions from electricity generation halved between 2012 and 2016. However, according to the latest report from the Committee on Climate Change (CCC), a much tougher challenge is presented to meet the fourth and fifth carbon budgets, which the UK is not currently on course to meet. There is still much more potential within the renewables sector in the UK, which can contribute to meeting our climate change targets.
No individual technology will provide the solution to the UK’s energy needs and address climate change. Therefore, the UK’s energy mix will have to become increasingly diverse, taking on a range of renewables. The UK governments 2018 Energy and Climate Change Attitude Tracker shows that 85% of the public now support renewable energy.
Click the links below to find out more about wind, solar, wave and tidal energy and energy storage technologies.
The UK is the windiest country in Europe and could power itself several times over using wind power. Click here to learn more about approaching your MP on wind energy.
Though the cost of solar has fallen dramatically, the industry has seen the removal of multiple support mechanisms from the government. Find out what you can ask of your MP.
Renewables like solar and wind provide different amounts of energy at different times making storage necessary. Find out what you can ask of your MP here.
Plans for the world's first tidal lagoon in Swansea Bay were thrown out by the government in June 2018. Read more about the benefits that tidal energy can have for the UK here.