Carbon Capture and Storage
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What is Carbon Capture and Storage?
Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) is the capture of carbon dioxide released from industrial processes and the burning of fossil fuels. The CCS process consists of three parts:
Capture technologies separate carbon dioxide from other gases produced in the burning of fossil fuels and turn it into a liquid. This can happen pre-combustion, post-combustion or through a method called oxyfuel combustion.
The liquefied carbon dioxide is then transported by pipeline or ship to where it will be stored.
The carbon dioxide is then stored deep underground in depleted oil and gas reservoirs or saline aquifers (underground rock formations that contain water), where it can remain indefinitely.
It is estimated by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change(IPCC) that CCS technology can capture and store around 90% of the carbon emissions from burning fossil fuels. As a result, CCS will be vital in reducing our carbon emissions in energy intensive sectors that would otherwise be tricky to decarbonize. However, it is important to recognise that CCS is not a silver bullet and that it needs to be combined with drastic reductions in our carbon emissions if it is to be effective.
BENEFITS OF CCS
CCS can have huge benefits to the UK, not least in playing a part in meeting our emissions targets. There are also wider economic benefits to the UK.
THE CURRENT POLICY ENVIRONMENT
CCS requires a lot of support from the government to make it commercially viable. The government has announced some measures to support the industry.
WHAT CAN YOU ASK YOUR MP TO DO?
While the Government has started to do more on CCS there is still far more to be done. This section has some suggestions for what you can discuss with your MP.